From and with more intensity from , Catalan institutions embarked on an intense international lobbying campaign to obtain international support and achieve the aim of becoming a new member state of the European Union. These three elements, ambivalent social and political support, a state explicitly hostile to any attempt at separation and a complete absence of international support, have led to the almost complete defeat for Catalan independence.
The capture and imprisonment of Puigdemont symbolically closes this phase. Between and , the Catalan movement for independence displayed extraordinary capacity for mobilisation, managing to bring a million people onto the streets of Barcelona almost every year. The movement was peaceful, optimistic and celebratory, confident that separation from Spain was eminently achievable and imminent. However, this relentlessly upbeat outlook seemed to prevent recognition of hard political reality. In spite of public statements from a range of international leaders, including the European Union, supporting the continued unity of Spain, the movement told itself that when the time came, recognition for Catalonia was inevitable.
While arguably it had little choice, the EU has backed Spain in the Catalan dispute.
One consequence has been a eurosceptic turn within the Catalan independence movement over perceived betrayal by Brussels. The Catalan movement for independence, as well as a number of internal and strategic errors, seriously misjudged the interest and willingness of the EU to countenance the break up of Spain. Yet, the EU is an alliance of states.
The EU has been through repeated crises since and it seems astonishing that the leaders of Catalan independence thought the bloc might be supportive of further disruption. While accommodation might have been made for Scotland, this was because the British state was prepared to accept the separation of 5m Scots from a Britain of almost 65m should they vote for it in a referendum.
Read more: Why independence movements in Scotland and elsewhere are tongue-tied over Catalonia. With Spain hostile, any separation of Catalonia could only be highly destabilising, with potential knock on effects in a Europe gradually recovering from the financial crisis. Since the autumn of , there has been a dramatic resurgence of Spanish nationalist sentiment in both Catalonia and Spain and a receding possibility of reforms of the Spanish constitution to adopt real federalism.
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The Catalan independence movement is deeply divided between pragmatists and idealists and the optimism inherent in the movement since has been shattered. However, the grievances that produced the turn to secession in Catalonia have not even begun to be addressed and no meaningful resolution of the Catalan question will occur until the Madrid government recognises that it is a political problem.
A contemporary Robinsonade — York, York. The official story is one of creating a national champion, a German bank large enough to compete with American investment banks. The truth is far less heroic and a lot more sordid than that.
Here is why Demokratie in Europa is campaigning against this merger. Both banks are zombies.
Arrest of Carles Puigdemont closes another chapter in Catalonia's bid for independence
Deutsche Bank is not doing much better. If Deutsche Bank and Commerzbank merge, we shall have a disaster in our hands. This is all well known, as is the simple truth that you cannot create a healthy bank by marrying two zombies.
So, the question is: Who is pushing for this merger and why? The answer is seriously disturbing and is one that German citizens must be made aware of: The whole affair is based on a trick that the financial engineers behind the merger are conjuring up, the result of which will be detrimental to the interests of German society. What is that trick?
ISBN 13: 9783442350049
NSU in the German car industry or TWA in the airline industry which has potential for the buyer based on the goodwill toward the brand by customers who remember the dead brand. Normally, the buyer will pay more than the current price of such a brand and this excess payment will be attributed to goodwill. Negative goodwill is an odd concept but, in principle, it reflects the theoretical possibility that you are buying a dead brand for a low, low price.